Diabetes is a disorder that affects the way your body uses food for energy. Normally, the sugar you take in is digested and broken down to a simple sugar, known as glucose. The glucose then circulates in your blood where it waits to enter cells to be used as fuel. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps move the glucose into cells. A healthy pancreas adjusts the amount of insulin based on the level of glucose. But, if you have diabetes, this process breaks down, and blood sugar levels become too high.
Diabetes is divided into two stages : Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Mostly both of them have similar symptoms. No diabetes patients will be able to provide confirmation on which type of diabetes is associated with them until further medical examinations are carried out.
- Type 1 diabetes happens when part of our immune system is acting against our body. We can say, it is an autoimmune disease. When our immune system starts to attack the beta cells that produce insulin, the production of insulin, which is the hormone that our body produces to reduce the amount of glucose in our bloodstream will decrease.Such circumstances will give rise to a spike in glucose level, indirectly leading towards diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is normally caused by genetic and environmental factors. Some of the symptoms coincide with type 2 diabetes but most type 1 diabetes patients will have blurred vision, weight loss and lack of energy.
Although there is no clear cut treatment for the disease yet, patients may have to inject themselves with insulin in order to keep their blood sugar level at bay. Failure to do so may cause drowsiness and the patient might faint due to the glucose spike. There are of course other measures to be taken by the patient such as following a diabetic diet and frequent exercise.
- Type 2 diabetes, is being caused by the inability of our body to use the amount of insulin produced effectively. Such a condition is what we call as an insulin resistant. Compared to type 1 diabetes, more time is needed for type 2 to develop but the current trend is showing that kids as young as 10 years old is starting to develop the disease.
Some of the symptoms are slow healing of wounds, frequent urination and the increase in likeliness of contracting common disease such as flu, cough and fever.
Medication may be required for the disease. Recommendations to prevent the disease include having balanced meals, frequent exercises and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Failure to prevent such a nasty disease may lead to a long period of suffering that the disease will cause.